Jaw Pain: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Did you know that jaw pain is one of the most common dental problems? It can be caused by several things, including toothache, infection, and even stress. This blog post will explore the different symptoms of jaw pain and its causes and treatments. But first, let’s look at how the jaw joint works. The jaw joint is a complex structure that allows the lower jaw (mandible) to move up and down and side to side. It consists of the following parts:


The Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) is where the mandible connects to the skull.

The Articulating Surfaces: These bones come into contact with each other, allowing the mandible to move.

The Ligaments: These connect the bones and muscles of the jaw joint, providing stability and strength.

The Muscles: Several muscles move the mandible, including the temporalis, masseter, and pterygoid muscles.

Now that you know how the jaw joint works, let’s explore the different symptoms of jaw pain.

Symptoms of Jaw Pain

Jaw pain can vary in intensity and duration and can be sharp or dull. When you move your jaw, it may also feel like clicking, grinding, or popping. Other common symptoms include headache, earache, pain in the neck and shoulders, and dizziness.

Jaw pain can also affect your ability to chew, speak, and swallow. If the pain is severe, it can even make it difficult to open your mouth. Not only is this incredibly inconvenient, but it can also be very painful.

Causes of Jaw Pain

There are many causes of jaw pain, and it is often difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. However, some of the most common causes include:

1. Toothache

An infection, decay, or injury to the tooth often causes a toothache. It can also be caused by gum disease. This is one of the most common reasons for jaw pain. It can be difficult to tell if the pain is coming from your tooth or jaw, so seeing a dentist as soon as possible is important.

2. Infection

A jawbone (osteomyelitis) infection or a joint (septic arthritis) can cause jaw pain. This can happen after dental surgery, tooth extraction, or an injury to the jaw. This type of infection is usually the result of bacteria entering the area through a cut or wound.

3. Arthritis

Arthritis is a common cause of jaw pain, especially in older adults. Several types of arthritis can affect the jaw joint, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis can cause inflammation, stiffness, and pain in the jaw joint. It can also make it difficult to move your jaw.

4. Wisdom Tooth Impaction

The wisdom teeth are the last ones to erupt and often become impacted (stuck in the jawbone). This can cause pain, swelling, and inflammation. Wisdom tooth impaction is a common cause of jaw pain in young adults.

5. Stress

Stress is a common trigger for TMJ disorder. This condition causes pain and inflammation in the jaw joint. It can be caused by clenching or grinding your teeth, which stresses the TMJ. Stress can also cause the muscles around the jaw to tighten, leading to pain and discomfort.

Treatments for Jaw Pain

The treatment for jaw pain will vary depending on the underlying cause. Here are some of the most common treatments:

1. Pain Medication

Over-the-counter pain medication can help to relieve pain and inflammation. If the pain is severe, your doctor may prescribe stronger medication. This includes ibuprofen (Advil) and acetaminophen (Tylenol).

2. Heat or Cold Therapy

Heat or ice applied to the affected area might also help ease the pain. Heat therapy increases blood flow and helps to relax the muscles. Cold therapy numbs the area and reduces inflammation.

3. Massage

Massaging the muscles around the jaw can help to relieve tension and pain. This can be done with your fingers or a warm, wet towel. You can also visit a massage therapist for a professional massage.

4. Jaw Exercises

Several exercises can help to strengthen the muscles and improve jaw mobility. These exercises should be done under the supervision of a physical therapist or other healthcare professional.

5. Surgery

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat jaw pain. This is usually only considered when other treatments have failed. Surgery can be used to treat conditions like TMJ disorder, impacted wisdom teeth, and arthritis. Jaw pain is a common problem that can have many causes. However, most jaw pain can be treated with home remedies or over-the-counter medication. If the pain is severe or persists, you should see a doctor or dentist for further evaluation.

Jeremy D. Mena
Alcohol geek. Future teen idol. Web practitioner. Problem solver. Certified bacon guru. Spent 2002-2009 researching plush toys in Miami, FL. Won several awards for exporting tar in Libya. Uniquely-equipped for managing human growth hormone in Libya. Spent a weekend implementing fried chicken on the black market. Spoke at an international conference about working on carnival rides in Miami, FL. Developed several new methods for donating jack-in-the-boxes in Edison, NJ.