Electronic waste also called e-waste is dumped electronic devices that include mobile phones, computers, food processors, etc. Improper disposal of these products is causing damage to the environment and humans. With the increase in population, the usage of electrical devices is also increasing. Additionally, the e-waste problem is becoming threatening because people are throwing the products and buying new ones.
Impact on the Environment
1. Air pollution
Improper disposal of wires and blenders is degrading the quality of air leading to air pollution. Scavengers burn wires, which leads to the release of hydrocarbons in the atmosphere.
2. Water Pollution
Electronic devices contain toxic and heavy metals such as lead and mercury. Due to the inappropriate disposal of devices, the toxic metals leaks into the soil and reaches groundwater. They even mix with waterbodies and humans unknowingly consume them. Many plants and animals die by drinking contaminated water from lakes and ponds.
3. Soil Pollution
Due to leakage of toxic metals into the soil, it becomes poisonous. Plants consume this poisonous soil and get damaged. When humans and animals eat these plants containing poison their health degrades. Like this poison enters the food chain.
Ways To Reduce E-waste And Its Impacts
1. Sell or Donate Old Electronics
One of the best ways to reduce e-waste is by selling or donating the devices to the needy person. You can sell online and can earn something by selling, rather than just dumping it. Also, by doing this, the buyer will get the device he/she wanted at a lower price.
Donating is another option. By doing so, the product will be utilized, and the receiver will feel good.
2. Dispose of E-waste properly
Proper disposal of e-waste is becoming mandatory with an increase in the number of electronic devices. Recycling is the best option as old electronic parts get reused and lots of energy required to produce new products is saved. Many companies like Samsung and Apple have started going the option of recycling old devices to customers. Even nowadays there are e-waste recycling organizations that extend free services in electronic waste management.
Before buying a new product, give it a second thought.
If you really need a new gadget?
Will it add value to your professional and personal life?
Evaluate the above interrogations and then decide between buying or not.
4. Learn to Repair Broken Electronics
Nowadays most of the brands produce products that are durable and work well for years. However, it becomes your duty to take care of your possession so that it does not wear-out soon. You should use it carefully and clean it regularly. If for some reason it gets broken you should learn how to repair it. A huge number of videos are available on youtube these days teaching how to repair broken electronics.
5. Buy Environment-Friendly Electronics
Buying energy star rated electronics is the best choice that you can make as these devices are eco-friendly. They consume less energy and indirectly save the environment and resources from getting depleted.
Next time, whenever you see someone doing improper disposal of e-devices, stop them and tell the impacts of doing so.
It is time to take action so that resources as well the environment can be protected.